There has been a rising awareness today about the environmental harm that is caused by large-scale agriculture. This is caused by various harmful farming techniques. Thus, innovations in agriculture such as eco-friendly farming methods should be applied.
Here are five environmental-friendly agricultural practices to ensure sustainability.
1. Organic agriculture
Organic farming is a farming method that only uses natural pest control and biological fertilizers to grow crops without using chemicals or pesticides. This method optimizes the energy and nutrient cycles in the agriculture ecosystem.
Research shows that fertilization increases the organic carbon in the soil, leading to the huge release of CO2 into the atmosphere. Organic agriculture practices will help farmers to reduce the emission of nitrous oxide and methane from the soil. That is why this method positively impacts water, the surrounding wildlife, land, the atmosphere, and farmers in the long run.
2. Crop Rotation and Polyculture
Crop rotation is an agricultural strategy that involves cultivating different types of crops in the same field in the sequential seasons. With this method, the likelihood of plant and vegetable diseases can be reduced. In addition, this practice also reduces the number of pesticides and chemical fertilizers required to be environmentally friendly.
3. Renewable Energy Resources
According to FAO, energy from the agri-food chain contributes to 35 percent of total GHG emissions. Thus, renewable sources of energy, such as solar energy, hydropower, and wind farms, should be used for powering agriculture.
In this method, solar panels are useful to run pumping and heating systems. Farmers can also use the hydroelectric power from a nearby river for various farming machinery. To find the best alternative power sources for their farm, farmers are suggested to compare the energy rate using an online energy comparison site.
4. Tillage Management
Tillage is the soil mechanical agitation process to prepare it for crop production. Farmers can optimize tillage operations to reduce GHG emissions. These methods include overturning, digging, and stirring soil. Reducing the tillage will lead to reduced fossil fuels consumption. Therefore, this method can reduce GHG emissions in the long run.
Last but not least is using the agroforestry technique, which basically is growing woody perennials on the same land used for agriculture. Due to its maximum use of land, the technique is highly productive and sustainable. This method will bring numerous economic benefits, and it is also healthy and beneficial for the environment.
Sustainable agriculture is an important key to fight rapid climate change with its looming adverse effects. By promoting agricultural sustainability, food production capacities will improve and at the same time protect the environment from the adverse effects of agriculture.
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