The primary cause of such huge biodiversity loss is our global food system. Our agriculture sector alone has been identified as a threat to 24,000 or 86% of the 28,000 that are at risk of extinction. This has become a serious concern, so it is important to change our global food production system to prevent biodiversity loss.
Here are three ways how we can tackle biodiversity loss in the global food system.
Our food system today is heavily focused on an animal diet because there has been a disproportionate impact of animal farming on the environment, biodiversity, and land use. Shifting global diets will help reduce the impact of agriculture and animal farming on the environment due to reduced demand for certain products only.
Additionally, we have to start making an effort to reduce global food waste significantly to lessen the burden that the environment has to grow or farm our food. When these two methods are combined simultaneously, there will be less pressure on the environment and land, which slowly reduces species extinction.
We know how land clearing/opening has progressed rapidly, and many of them are done for agriculture. Excessive conversion or exploitation of forest, land, and environment is certainly the fastest way to biodiversity loss.
It is important to understand that we need to protect more land and set them aside for nature or conservation. Conserving and restoring ecosystems as a whole will have a positive impact on biodiversity.
As previously mentioned in the first point, global dietary shifts will contribute to preserving the existing native ecosystem. When diets change, there will be no need to convert more lands for agriculture or farming. Then, the removed or degraded land can be restored as well.
Our food production today relies heavily on potentially dangerous chemicals such as pesticides. It also heavily relies on additional inputs, including fertilizer, energy, land, water, heavy tilling, and monocropping. While these methods can improve the agricultural yield, they also threaten and destroy the natural habitat of animals and other organisms living in it.
To ease the burden caused by these inputs, we can perform more nature-friendly agriculture practices. This effort can be made by limiting inputs, practicing polyculture farming practices, and leveraging technology innovations to achieve sustainable productivity improvements.
These three steps are not dependent solutions; in fact, they are interconnected to each other. Agriculture companies are also responsible for this effort to tackle biodiversity loss. They have to start implementing more nature-friendly methods to protect the environment.
Use Nimbly to improve production and management to support agriculture practice that is in line with biodiversity preservation efforts.